tv BBC World News America PBS May 17, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
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>> and this is "bbc's world news america." making history -- queen elizabeth becomes the first bridges and are not -- first british monarch to travel to ireland, trying to parry the pain of the past. >> i think it is 2011 and it's time to move on, really. >> could the imf be headed for a change at the top? with dominique strauss-kahn sitting in prison, the talk of a successor is heating up. and passing the torch -- as the olympic flame is free to head back to britain, those who ran with more than 60 years ago still remember every stride. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs
in america and around the globe. queen elizabeth made history when her plane touched down on irish soil. it's the first time a british monarch has visited since the country went independent 90 years ago. her arrival marks a new chapter in relations between the two nations. the queen's arrival comes with security alerts and the discovery of a bomb on a bus bound for dublin. >> it's just an hour's flying time from london and yet this particular flight has taken decades to get here. in the 60th year of her reign and wearing a coat of emerald green, queen elizabeth of britain was finally able to step on the soil of britain's nearest neighbor, ireland. it looked as so many other state visits have looked with the honor guard and dignitaries, yet
here was a moment of history, a visit which signifies the end of centuries of suspicion and hopes to introduce something new and better. the queen was brought into dublin and much of the city center was a state of lock down. security concerns have prompted authorities to discourage spectators. a pipe bomb had been founded defused overnight outside dublin. in phoenix park stands the building which was what's called to the british viceroys who governed ireland in the name of the queen's ancestors. it is now the residents of ireland's head of state and it was here the president of a nation which fought the british crown greeted the current where of the crown as equals. an irish military band played the british national anthem while a 21 gun salute was fired.
in one part of the city center, a group of 100 republicans was staging a protest against the visit. police were there in force. a union flag was burned and the irish police made clear this was a day when protests were not being tolerated at all. they swept through everyone who stood in their way. but in order to move on, obstacles from the past need to be neutralized. to do that, the queen went through nt and heavily protected street to the garden of remembrance to honor those who prior to 1921, rose up against the british crown to fight against ireland's freedom. she lay a wreath and bowed her head in memory of the of original irish republicans. this is a ceremony every state
visitor to dublin performs. but for decades, it would have been quite unimaginable for a british monarch to come here and lay wreaths. this was a day when the past was unfounded and when old hatreds were eased. from the garden of remembrancer, she left again come along o'connell street and pass the general post office, through streets where spectators had been discouraged. >> historic, it may be, but the people are getting little sense of this visit other than a rather distant view of a very heavily guarded convoy. within the safety of trinity college, things could be relaxed a little. the queen was finally able to meet some of the citizens of dublin. the filing date and on a day which has been so many years in coming, when britain and ireland broke free from the past and
treated each other with the mutual respect of neighbors and friends. >> for more on the queen's visit, i spoke to our colleague outside dublin castle. we know about the historic significance, but was abashed by the warmth of the reception, especially by the people of ireland? >> the people of ireland did not get that much of a glimpse of the claim because of security concerns. but it was interesting. if you look at the list of the queen's engagements for the day, it sells like any other state visit -- are right at the airport, laid the wreath at the memorial and carry on. each one of those was significant because of the intertwined and torturous history between the people of ireland and the people of britain. the airfield named after one of the freedom fighters to lay down his life, the president's
palace was the home of the viceroys of ireland when there was british rule and the garden of remembrances was celebrated the irishman who lost their lives to get rid of the crown from the island of ireland. >> ireland and the u.k. are socially, economically and politically intertwine did many ways. how important is it to have this visit from her majesty, queen in healing the historic growth? >> incredibly important. if you look at the recent history, the troubles, the 3000 people who lost their lives, it has been a running sore that has gone on for centuries. but in the past 20 years, extraordinary progress has been made, the likes of which many thought would be impossible took the bravery of a awful lot of politicians in the united states, in britain, and ireland when that extra mile to bring this about.
this was the crowning glory, if you like. that the queen could arrive here whereas in the past, our grandfather came in 1911 and became as the ruler of all ireland and the people were its subjects. the was a picture of the queen signing the visitors' book in the presidential palace. she's a visitor, ireland and britain talking to each other on equal terms. there was a normality to but something very extraordinary as well. >> thank you. it's a case that still has jaws dropping from paris to washington. dominique strauss-kahn, the man who once hoped to reside at the paris palace now is in a jail cell at the rikers island. the head of the imf will appear in jail on charges of attempting to rape a maid and a high-end manhattan hotel. some are suggesting it's time for a non-european to take the
helm. our diplomatic correspondent has this report. >> ever since the international monetary fund was established as one outcome of the bretton woods conference in 1944, has always been headed by a european. with dominique strauss-kahn unable to carry out his work as managing director, now in rikers island jail waiting to contest charges against him, the lobbying over his eventual successor has started. particularly by those who believe the next head should come from one of the emerging economies. there could be a kid from turkey, from mexico or the south african finance minister. more names are already being talked up. some, including india, are frustrated by the lack of progress reforming other international bodies, particularly the un security council, to reflect a rapidly changing world. china says the choice should be
based on merit. >> you have raised the issue of the selection of the senior leadership. we believe this should be based on the principles of fairness, transparency and merit. >> but some european leaders are making it clear that they will not give up traditional ownership of the imf post without a fight. the german chancellor is a leading voice arguing that case. with the eurozone in profound crisis, europe has never relied more heavily on the imf. both the short and long term effect of a new managing director who might take over. >> for more on what party organization will chart in the future, and joined by the former imf chief economist, currently a senior fellow at peterson institute for economics. you know the imf well.
what's going on inside the organization as we speak? >> it is a little unclear to those of us on the outside. there is not a lot of communication. we see the statements from the european leaders and from the chinese, but it's a mystery when and how the imf will make their moves. >> he has not been fired or resigned. he has not been put on leave. is that strange? >> that's my understanding of the situation and i cannot account for it. i would rather leave it at that. >> here is a man that was very adept the kind of diplomacy that is very necessary at the mollen. he was on his way to see the german chancellor to hopefully persuade her to bail out the greeks. if he's in such a position, does that mean the institution can stop functioning the way it should? >> absolutely not. there are many talented people at the top of this organization. the have a great team on the
ground and ensure they will play their role. whenever the europeans decide they want to do as far as greece and the eurozone. they will make sure there is no disruption. >> no one is indispensable in this setting, and that includes dominique strauss-kahn, who was without a question making a valuable contribution. >> the chinese say it should be an open process and anyone could apply, presumably a chinese candidates. how likely are we to be stuck with another european? >> the expectation prior to this weekend was europeans would provide a successor when dominique strauss-kahn went to press -- went to france to run for president. the europeans are somewhat in the right place as far as having their pieces together, but this is a destructive event for the succession process. we don't know how they will have the lead. there are some incredible emerging market candidates,
including the once distributed your coverage. as the chinese said, there has been a commitment over the last couple of summits that the next leader would be chosen through a fair and honest transparent process. if the europeans try to put a fix on it, it may blow back in their faces. >> it sounds like this is less of an earthquake in the world of finance that is for french politics? >> i can't comment on that but what did the short term, it does not matter that much. it's been used but it is not a huge event. the succession matters a great deal. does this represent a moment when the balance of economic power and voice around the world shifts toward some of the emerging markets? perhaps toward the emerging markets as a block. or is it a moment where the europeans managed to crawl forces and get the americans to support the and keep the managing director job firmly in their cap? >> some unintended consequences
there. the former governor of california, are a schwarzenegger, has submitted he fathered a child with a member of his own household staff 10 years ago. earlier this month, the actor and his wife said they were separated after 25 years of marriage. in a statement, mr. schwarzenegger says i understand and deserve feelings of anger and disappointment among my friends and family. to dig continuing unrest in the arab world -- that's one of the main topics at the white house today when the king of jordan came to have a meeting with president obama. the two discussed the rapidly unfolding events in the region and the u.s. thing to the jordanians for help with humanitarian efforts. at the same time, there are reports that the regime of muammar gaddafi may have suffered another defection. the libyan oil minister is said to be on tunisian soil. this comes as nato air strikes continue to target the capital
of tripoli. >> nato has been threatening to intensify its bombing campaign. it looks like it has already begun. this was the second strike on tripoli in less than 12 hours. emergency crews were still working when we were brought there by our government minders. the libyans have brought us here very quickly. they're working for us to see what i happened. it's just a short time after the strike, but from everything we have been able to find out so far, these are both government buildings that have been hit. so far, no one has shown any evidence of casualties. >> the crowds of supporters to gather are defiant, but not angry. this is a ministry responsible for fighting corruption, we are told. it is not a military building,
says an official, and there are hospitals nearby. but they did not want us to get close to the other place hit across the road, an office of libyan security services. a guard at reaching out to cover our camera. perhaps hoping to play on divisions in over the data strategy, a spokesperson says increasing attacks will not work. >> if they are really interested in protecting civilians, which is the main and only justification they proposed for their aggression against our nation, as they're truly interested in that, then we have called upon them to stop and start talking to us. >> but libyas options are running out. it is now announced it will use more human shields to protect them from nato attacks.
>> the prime minister of pakistan has declared china is now his country's best friend in an apparent dig at washington. the comments were made at the start of a four-day trip to the country. that comes at a time of tension between pakistan and the u.s. in the aftermath of special forces and the raid which killed osama bin laden. the international criminal tribunal for rwanda sunday former chief of army staff guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity. he was head of the london army during the 1994 genocide during which 800,000 ethnic tutsies were murdered. he was sentenced to 30 years in jail. the departing chief of the u.s. mission in haiti has slammed the lack of progress and the country. he says the international community has been going around in circles for the past 30 years. he criticized donor nations for
not doing enough to strengthen asian institutions. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- a falling fast -- tourism industry takes a major hit from the drug war and mexico. american students are back in court today facing charges of slander and police officers. she was convicted of murdering her british housemaid and said she had been hit by police during questioning. it's a charge authorities deny and are now fighting in the court. our correspondent has the details. >> she's back in the court for what has become almost a trial within a trial. already appealing against a murder conviction, the 23-year- old american faces a charge of slander. she and her former boyfriend were convicted of murder in
2007. the 21-year-old died in the house she shared after a violent attack. in the days following her death, she was questioned by police, and that of her murder trial, she claimed she was hit in the head during the interrogation. the police officers involved deny the claims, saying they acted professionally and that is why the case for slander has come to court. traveling from his home in seattle, her father said it's not clear what took place in the station. >> the question becomes what truly happened? we would all be in a much better position have her interrogation been recorded. we would really know what happened. it is her word against the members of the police. >> today's slander case was
adjourned but the border appeal continues this weekend. she's open in the next few months, the forensic evidence will be thrown out. -- she is hoping and the next few months, the forensic evidence will be thrown out. but for now, she continues with her sentence. >> another or with a terrible toll and unspeakable atrocities, this one right on america's doorstep in mexico. the turf war between drug cartels and the government is jeopardize in the lucrative tourism industry. 35,000 people have died of the past four years as authorities tackle drug smugglers to east mexico and the route into the united states. we have this report from the visitors -- on the visitors staying away from the violence. >> they are some of the most daring tourist attractions -- boys jump from a cliff more than
30 meters high into the pacific ocean. but they are jumping for smaller crowds these days. the city has found itself on the front line of mexico's battles with the drug cartels. the beaches are looking empty and the tourists scared off by the violence here. acapulco's tarnished reputation is seriously damaging the city's economy. >> everybody is having problems -- rest of calabar's, even the people selling items on the beach. taxis do not have jobs. >> acapulco not only attracts tourists, but traffickers to use this as part of the route to transport narcotics toward the united states. the city is paying a high price for the violence and there are fears the impact could spread around mexico.
but the violence seems far away from downtown mexico city. 35,000 people may have died in the so-called drug war, but the mexican economy keeps growing -- 5.5% in 2010 with similar expectations for this year. we met this businesswoman after dark in a public park. we agreed not to reveal her identity. she told me six months ago she was approached by armed men demanding $4,000 a month for her family -- or her family would be killed. she agreed to pay. >> these people come into your life and you cannot go out into the street because you think they're there. but what hurts most is the authorities -- there is no reason i would make this up. why would i make up a story like this? why would i make up a story i am being blackmailed? >> in the streets of of
acapulco, a strong police presence is to reassure visitors, but for many, the sight of heavily armed police is a sign that the drug violence is on their doorstep and they have changed the face of the city forever. >> now to an event which lot of hopes tourists will come flocking to see in just 430 days -- and not talking about other royal wedding. that is when the summer games kick off in london. organizers will reveal the route of the olympic torch tomorrow. it's been more than half a century since the flame troubled on british soil. we went to meet two men who shared the honor. >> long forgotten in a dusty corner, a family treasure that transports its owner back to a proud moment more than 60 years ago. >> in the original stadium of olympia -- >> the olympic flame lit in
greece in 1948 was carried through countries still scarred by the second world war. it arrived in dover aboard a british destroyer for the final stage of its 2000 while journey. >> the torch was handed to the chief petty officer. >> 50,000 people watched the first british leg of the relay. >> i did not know what it was going to be like. i knew i was going to get a torch but i was not sure whether i would be allowed to keep it. >> an excited 18-year-old was waiting to play his part. >> when i got there, this chap who told me i was going to be there, produced this from somewhere and got me to hold it. i waited for him to come down the hill, a long, long hill and watch them come right the way down and i could see his like all the way. then i held it and it was lit and off i went. >> all through the night, at the flame was carried by relays of englishmen. >> further down, and other young
runner had broken his holiday to join the relay and become a local hero. >> you get the rush, thinking you are famous for a little while. i was just a normal ordinary athlete in a normal club. >> those who remember the experience grow fewer each year. faugtime for two of them to shae their memories. >> that's the chap i handed it to. that's me lighting his claim. >> i have wondered so much because of the age -- 63 years -- i'm delighted. you look pretty good, mate. >> the long journey was over. >> when the torch reached wembley at 4:00 p.m. on the 29th of july, it was described as a warm-up flame of hope in a post world war world. it still burns in the mind of those who were there. >> that's a different size of
pint. before we go, we want to suggest -- one of the eternal questions that perplexes mankind, is their life in space? our scientists have found a planet 20 light years away from earth which they believe is habitable. they believe it could support life similar to that honors. before you start packing, using current rocket technology, it would take 300,000 years to get there. that's a long time. that brings us to the end of tonight's broadcast. be sure to visit our web site for constant updates. you can get in touch with me and most of the british team on twitter. thank you for watching. >> hello and welcome.
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